Monday, March 31, 2008

April Fools Day pranks jokes history

April Fools' Day or All Fools' Day, though not a holiday in its own right, is a notable day celebrated in many countries on April 1. The day is marked by the commission of hoaxes and other practical jokes of varying sophistication on friends, enemies and neighbors, or sending them on fools' errands, the aim of which is to embarrass the gullible.
The origins of this custom are complex and a matter of much debate. It is likely a relic of the once common festivities held on the vernal equinox, which began on the 25th of March, old New Year's Day, and ended on the 2nd of April.
Though the 1st of April appears to have been observed as a general festival in Great Britain in antiquity, it was apparently not until the beginning of the 18th century that the making of April-fools was a common custom. In Scotland the custom was known as "hunting the gowk," i.e. the cuckoo, and April-fools were "April-gowks," the cuckoo being a term of contempt, as it is in many countries.
One of the earliest connections of the day with fools is Chaucer's story the Nun's Priest's Tale (c.1400), which concerns two fools and takes place "thritty dayes and two" from the beginning of March, which is April 1. The significance of this is difficult to determine.
Europe may have derived its April-fooling from the French. French and Dutch references from 1508 and 1539 respectively describe April Fools' Day jokes and the custom of making them on the first of April. France was one of the first nations to make January 1 officially New Year's Day (which was already celebrated by many), by decree of Charles IX. This was in 1564, even before the 1582 adoption of the Gregorian calendar (See Julian start of the year). Thus the New Year's gifts and visits of felicitation which had been the feature of the 1st of April became associated with the first day of January, and those who disliked or did not hear about the change were fair game for those wits who amused themselves by sending mock presents and paying calls of pretended ceremony on the 1st of April. In France the person fooled is known as poisson d'avril (April fish). This has been explained as arising from the fact that in April the sun quits the zodiacal sign of the fish. The French traditionally celebrated this holiday by placing dead fish on the backs of friends. Today, real fish have been replaced with sticky, fish-shaped paper cut-outs that children try to sneak onto the back of their friends' shirts. Candy shops and bakeries also offer fish-shaped sweets for the holiday.
Some Dutch also celebrate the 1st of April for other reasons. In 1572, the Netherlands were ruled by Spain's King Philip II. Roaming the region were Dutch rebels who called themselves Geuzen, after the French "gueux," meaning beggars. On April 1, 1572, the Geuzen seized the small coastal town of Den Briel. This event was also the start of the general civil rising against the Spanish in other cities in the Netherlands. The Duke of Alba, commander of the Spanish army could not prevent the uprising. Bril is the Dutch word for glasses, so on April 1, 1572, "Alba lost his glasses." The Dutch commemorate this with humor on the first of April.

Sunday, March 23, 2008

Working Mind and memory training

How correctly to training memory?

Many people consider, that memory of them is insufficiently good, but in most cases they are mistaken. Good memory all have practically - other business that memory selectively works, selecting only the most interesting. Because still the ancient philosopher has fairly noticed: " the one who is capable to concentrate and give time to impressions which it believes precious has Good memory to take root in soul ". As well as the physical fortress, memory from birth is given to each of us, but is exact as well as muscles, memory is necessary for training constantly. Certainly, ways exists much. And the most surprising, that from them owns half each of us, that not suspecting. The human brain is so well adapted to constant development, that we very much frequently, that not noticing, seize all new technologies of storing.
The capacity of our memory is not limited, is simple we not always correctly we are able to take advantage to it. Mechanical learning by heart - unreasoned development of a material which is poorly fixed on a surface of memory. How to subordinate to itself memory? Experience shows, that strengthening of memory is possible to reach(achieve), first of all, complex influence of three components. So, the most important components of success are concentration of attention (as increase of ability to perception), creation of associations and numerous recurrences. For achievement of good result pay attention and to an eutrophy. As in an organism human, as is known, all is connected. We eat correctly, we receive necessary substances for stimulation of work of a brain - and a pledge of success. Include in the diet or increase norm of vitamins of groups B, C, F for what indulge itself плиткой black chocolate more often, fruit and it is especial seafoods. Fruit, chocolate, seafoods - you can be envied only! So from this also the considerable advantage is taken. And about a substitute of sugar to overlook better. Anything, except for harm, its use can not bring. Too concerns also diets. Women, frequently hold to diets, differ bad memory. So, that the brain does not receive necessary substances and consequently, that at the majority of ladies which sit on diets, mood always not so good. Just not less important component of success is correct psychoemotional a condition of the person. Here again advice too will be pleasant, not aggravating life. Try early to go to bed, do not abuse caffeine and more often indulge itself pleasant gifts. For happiness the special hormone - dopamine answers. Dopamine is fiber, it is developed special glands a brain. Such molecules are capable to support proof sensation of happiness in emotional sphere of the owner. And, as have found out scientists, a plenty of happiness results and in improvement of memory and ability to deeper recognition of the acting information. Therefore indulge itself new shoes and a dress more often - your memory will tell only thank!

Concentration of attention is always caused by three factors:
1) a degree of interest and ability to concentration; 2) collateral reasons; 3) ability to be disconnected from occuring events. For improvement of concentration of attention practise deep breath. Make a deep breath and detain air for five seconds, at this time, having combined palms and compressing them. Then slowly exhale through a mouth and weaken hands. Do this exercise five times, and you at once will feel, that have relaxed. To raise ability concentrate attention regular physical exercises as physical loading increases receipt of oxygen in a brain also can. Especially effective ordinary walking about 15-30 minutes per day is considered. But in any case, only that is really interesting, is remembered easily. At insufficient interest more efforts are applied to concentrate. At different people different kinds of memory are well advanced also; Emphasize what own better the others. Visual - read more, then the necessary page necessarily will emerge before eyes. Motor - copy a material from one page on another. Acoustical - read aloud to itself, ask to esteem associates. In default read to associates. First of all decide, you concern to what type; persistently and not regretting time consider and consider that want to learn. At " bad memory " frequently only one reason: superficial, negligent acquaintance to a material for learning. As required it is better to learn less, but this small to learn thoroughly. Having established a course of the ideas, remember it is associative key words and key offers with the help of figurative communications: connect, for example, each key word to any bright sign of a piece of a way (hotel, mail, station, the bridge, school, a monument etc.). It is the elementary form of " the bridge of memory ".
Always crucial importance has connection of a learnt material to already deeply fixed in memories. Memory operates in the best way if the new facts manage to be connected to personal feelings, i.e. somehow to promote development of sensation. Hardly something is forgotten entirely! " Traces " remain from all learnt. Recurrence is necessary as the means providing storing, but it should not be applied mechanically. Three practical advice are here again necessary. 1) Reading aloud promotes the best mastering of a material (as connects sight and hearing). For recurrence take as required only small part of a material, but such which to you need to be remembered thoroughly. 2) At recurrence do breaks (creative pauses). Is much more effective to learn a material within two days on one hour per day, than within two hours per one day because during a break between occupations subconsciousness continues fastening a material in memory. The experimental psychology has shown, that the part of a learnt material is forgotten very quickly, but then forgetting goes more slowly. Therefore a conclusion: recurrence begin earlier, than the stage slow forgetting will begin. 3) Alongside with simple recurrence recurrence combined is important. Set of details is badly remembered, ranks which are united by new and new communications are much better remembered. We connect various subject domains among themselves everywhere where they adjoin. Anyhow, but memory it is possible and it is necessary to train. To someone always it is given more, and someone has less, but, identify the technique most suitable to (in view of features to perception), everyone can reach good results. Try to carry out simple exercises for training the memory.

Exercise the first. Associations.

Let somebody slowly will read to you aloud underwritten pairs words. Closely listen and try to remember then ask to read to you only the first words from pairs, and the second write down on memory. 1. hen - - to cut an egg, scissors, the horse - hay, the book - to learn, the butterfly - the fly, a brush - a teeth, a drum - the pioneer, snow - winter, the cock - to shout, ink - a writing-book, the cow - milk, a steam locomotive - to go, a pear - compote, a lamp - evening. 2. bug - an armchair, a feather - water, glasses - a mistake, a handbell - memory, the pigeon - father, a watering can - a tram, a comb - a wind, boots - the boiler, the lock - mother, a match - sheep, a grater - the sea, a sled - a factory, a fish - a fire, an axe - kissel. Exercise the second. Development and strengthening of visual imagination Close eyes and present appropriate a picture which names for you will make aloud. Examples of actions can be the most simple: 1. A lion attacking an antelope 2. The dog wagging a tail 3. Almond cookies in a box 4. A lightning in darkness 5. A stain on your favourite clothes 6. A brilliant sparkling on the sun 7. Shout of horror in night And now recollect and write down names visualize pictures. If recollect more than 6 images, exercise is executed successfully. Exercise the fourth. Training of memory of recognition of the information on hearing. Ask to read to you aloud ten any words. For example: morning, silver, the child, the river, the north, upwards, cabbage, a glass, school, a boot. It is necessary to reproduce words in that order in which they were read. Exercise the fifth. For the help in a life Before going to shop behind products - write down them on a leaflet. Some times read (aloud or about itself) and go in shop, having left the necessary list of products of a house. So day-to-day, usual campaigns on shops will help you to train the memory, practically not putting efforts.

Saturday, March 22, 2008

Thursday, March 20, 2008

NLP Techniques Rapport Anchoring Swish Reframing Parts integration

NLP Techniques

NLP proposed a number of simple techniques involving matching, pacing and leading for establishing rapport with people. There are a number of techniques explored in NLP that are supposed to be beneficial in building and maintaining rapport such as: matching and pacing non-verbal behavior (body posture, head position, gestures, voice tone, and so forth) and matching speech and body rhythms of others (breathing, pulse, and so forth).

Anchoring is the process by which a particular state or response is associated (anchored) with a unique anchor. An anchor is most often a gesture, voice tone or touch but could be any unique visual, auditory, kinesthetic, olfactory or gustatory stimulus. It is claimed that by recalling past resourceful states one can anchor those states to make them available in new situations. A psychotherapist might anchor positive states like calmness and relaxation, or confidence in the treatment of phobias and anxiety, such as in public speaking. Proponents state that anchors are capable of being formed and reinforced by repeated stimuli, and thus are analogous to classical conditioning.

Anchoring appears to have been imported into NLP from family systems therapy as part of the 'model' of Virginia Satir.

Swish is a novel visualization technique for reducing unwanted habits. The process involves disrupting a pattern of thought that usually leads to an unwanted behavior such that it leads to a desired alternative. The process involves visualizing the trigger or 'cue image' that normally leads to the unwanted behavior pattern, such as a smoker's hand with a cigarette moving towards the face. The cue image is then switched a number of times with a visualization of a desired alternative, such as a self-image looking resourceful and fulfilled. The swish is tested by having the person think of the original cue image that use to lead to the undesired behavior, or by presenting the actual cue such as a cigarette to the client, while observing the responses. If the client stays resourceful then the process is complete. The name swish comes from the sound made by the practitioner/trainer as the visualizations are switched. Swish also makes use of submodalities, for example, the internal image of the unwanted behavior is typically shrunk to a small and manageable size and the desired outcome (or self-image) is enhanced by making it brighter and larger than normal. The swish was first published by Richard Bandler.

In NLP, reframing is the process whereby an element of communication is presented so as to transform an individual's perception of the meanings or "frames" attributed to words, phrases and events. By changing the way the event is perceived "responses and behaviors will also change. Reframing with language allows you to see the world in a different way and this changes the meaning. Reframing is the basis of jokes, myths, legends, fairy tales and most creative ways of thinking." The concept was common to a number of therapies prior to NLP. For example, it appeared in the approaches of Virginia Satir, Fritz Perls and Milton Erickson and in strategic therapy of Paul Watzlawick. There are examples in children's literature. Pollyanna, for example, would play The Glad Game whenever she felt downhearted to remind herself of the things that she could do, and not worry about the things that she could not change.

Six step reframe
An example of reframing is found in the six-step reframe which involves distinguishing between an underlying intention and the consequent behaviors for the purpose of achieving the intention by different and more successful behaviors. It is based on the notion that there is a positive intention behind all behaviors, but that the behaviors themselves may be unwanted or counterproductive in other ways. NLP uses this staged process to identify the intention and create alternative choices to satisfy that intention.

Ecology and congruency
Ecology in NLP deals with the relationship between a client and his or her natural, social and created environments and how a proposed goal or change might retreat to his or her relationships and environment. It is a frame within which the desired outcome is checked against the consequences client's life and mind as systemic processes. It treats the client's relationship with self as a system and his or her relationship with others as subsystems that interact so when someone considers a change it is important therefore to take into account the consequences on the system as a whole. Like gestalt therapy a goal of NLP is to help the client choose goals and make changes that achieve a sense of personal congruency and integrity with personal and other aspects of the client's life.

Parts integration
Parts Integration creates a metaphor of different aspects (parts) of ourselves which are in conflict due to different goals, perceptions and beliefs. 'Parts integration' is the process of 'identifying' these parts and negotiating (or working) with each of these parts separately & together, with a goal of resolving internal conflict. Successful parts negotiation occurs by listening to and providing opportunities to meet the needs of each part and adequately addressing each part's interests so that they are each satisfied with the desired outcome. It often involves negotiating with the conflicting parts of a person to achieve resolution. Parts integration appears to be modeled on 'parts' from family therapy and has similarities to ego-state therapy in psychoanalysis in that it seeks to resolve conflicts that constitute a "family of self" within a single individual.

Eye Paterns NLP Representational systems and accessing cues

A basic assumption of NLP is that internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language consist of visual, auditory, kinesthetic (and possibly olfactory and gustatory) representations that are engaged when people think about problems, tasks or activities, or engage in them. Internal sensory representations are constantly being formed and activated. Whether making conversation, talking about a problem, reading a book, kicking a ball or riding a horse, internal representations have an impact on performance. NLP techniques generally aim to change behavior through modifying the internal representations, examining the way a person represents a problem and by building desirable representations of alternative outcomes or goals. In addition, Bandler and Grinder claimed that the representational system use could be tracked using eye movements, gestures, breathing, sensory predicates and other cues in order to improve rapport and social influence.

Some of these ideas of sensory representations and associated therapeutic ideas appear to have been imported from gestalt therapy shortly after its creation in the 1970s.

Eye Paterns (NLP)
The most common arrangement for eye accessing cues in a right-handed person.

Note: - NLP does not say it is 'always' this way, but rather that one should check whether reliable correlations seem to exist for an individual, and if so what they are
Accessing cues
Bandler and Grinder claimed that matching and responding to the representational systems people use to think is generally beneficial for enhancing rapport and influence in communication. They proposed several models for this purpose including eye accessing cues and sensory predicates. The direction of eye accesses was considered an indicator of the type of internal mental process (see the chart):
'v'isual — up to left or right
'a'uditory — level to left or right
'k'inesthetic — down to the right

The sensory predicates, breathing posture and gestures were also considered important. In the sensory predicate model, if someone said:

"that rings true for me", rings predicates auditory processing.
"that's clearer now", the sensory predicates clearer indicates some internal visual representation.
"I can see a bright future for myself", the sensory predicates see and bright indicates some internal visual processing.
"I can grasp a hold of the concept", the sensory predicates grasp and hold indicates primarily kinesthetic processing
These verbal cues are often coupled with posture changes, eye movements, skin color or breathing shifts. Essentially, it was claimed that the practitioner could ascertain the current sensory mode of thinking from external cues such as the direction of eye movements, posture, breathing, eye movements, voice tone and the use of sensory-based predicates.

Preferred representational systems
The majority of research (as published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology in the early 1980s) focused on Bandler and Grinder's claim that a preferred representational system (PRS) exists and is effective in counseling-client influence. Put simply, they claimed that some people prefer visual, auditory, or kinesthetic processing. Further, a therapist (or communicator) could be more influential by matching the other's preferred system. Christopher Sharpley's review of counselling psychology literature on PRS found that it could not be reliably assessed, it was not certain that it even existed and it could not be demonstrated to reliably assist counselors. Buckner (published after Sharpley) found some support for the notion that eye movements can indicate visual and auditory (but not kinesthetic) components of thought in that moment.

While some NLP training programs and books still feature PRS, many have modified or dropped it. Richard Bandler, for example, de-emphasized its importance in an interview with the Enhancing Human Performance subcommittee. John Grinder, in the New Code of NLP, emphasizes individual calibration and sensory acuity, precluding such a rigidly specified model as the one described above. Responding directly to sensory experience requires an immediacy which respects the importance of context. Grinder also stated in an interview that a representational system diagnosis lasts about 30 seconds.

Basic NLP Training Neuro linguistic programming

Neuro-linguistic programming (usually shortened to NLP) is an interpersonal communication model and an alternative approach to psychotherapy based on the subjective study of language, communication and personal change. It was co-created by Richard Bandler and linguist John Grinder in the 1970s. The initial focus was pragmatic, modeling three successful psychotherapists, Fritz Perls (Gestalt Therapy), Virginia Satir (Family Systems Therapy), and eventually Milton H. Erickson (Clinical Hypnosis), with the aim of discovering what made these individuals more successful than their peers.

Basic NLP Anchoring Demo with Drs Tad & Adriana James

NLP Training with Simple NLP

Today the predominant patterns of NLP, the application of those patterns, and many variants of NLP are found in seminars, workshops, books and audio programs in the form of exercises and principles intended to influence change in self and others. There is a great deal of difference between the depth and breadth of training and standards, and some disagreement between those in the field about which patterns are and are not "NLP". While the field of NLP is loosely spread and resistant to a single comprehensive definition, there are some common principles and presuppositions shared by its proponents. Perhaps most generally, NLP aims to increase behavioral choice by the manipulation of personal state, belief and internal representation either by a practitioner/trainer, or by self-application. Some of the main ideas, many imported from existing counseling or psychotherapy practice, include:

Problems, desires, feelings, beliefs and outcomes are represented in visual, auditory and kinesthetic (and sometimes gustatory, olfactory) systems.
When communicating with someone, rather than just listening to and responding to what a person said, NLP aims to also respond to the structure of verbal communication and non-verbal cues.
Certain language patterns such as the meta model of NLP can help clarify what has been left out or distorted in communication, to specify thinking and outcomes, reframe beliefs, and set sensory specific goals. In contrast, the Milton model language patterns are intentionally non-specific and metaphoric to allow the listener to fill in the gaps and make their own meaning from what is being said and find their own inner resources and solutions for problems.
The actual state someone is in when setting a goal or choosing a course of action is also considered important. A number of techniques in NLP aim to enhance states by anchoring resourceful states associated with personal experience or model states by imitating others.
In the early 1980s, NLP was heralded as an important advance in psychotherapy and counseling, and it attracted some interest in counseling research and clinical psychology. In the mid 1980s research reviews in The Journal of Counseling Psychology and by the National Research Council (1988; NRC) committee found little empirical basis for the claims about preferred representational systems (PRS) or assumptions of NLP, marking a decrease in research interest. While the title Neuro-linguistic programming implies a basis in neurology, computer science, and linguistics and it is often marketed as a new science, skeptics contend NLP is an "unproven psychological theory or treatment" and one of the many pseudoscientific or New Age forms of psychotherapy that have emerged in mental health practice. Few practitioners have presented their clinical data for peer-review and most have had little interest in empirical validation. NLP remains supported by its practitioners in the psychotherapy field and has influenced other forms of brief and eclectic interventions. Its models and tools have been used widely outside of psychotherapy in business communication, management training, teaching, executive coaching and motivational seminars.

Valentine's Day Hypnosis Dating Techniques NLP

Valentine's Day Hypnosis Dating Techniques I (Self Talk)

Valentine's Day Hypnosis Dating Techniques II (NLP Anchors)

Valentine's Day Hypnosis Dating Techniques III NLP

Learn how to hypnotize people Therapy NLP

Yes I can hypnotize... And as well as you... All people it can... And not use.. Not knowing it... probably you remember some good or bad words observe to you in life.... and they are recollected to you from time to time ... We do not know that give people positive or negative installations every day... And if it tell at the certain moment when the person is weakened and does not think of anything concrete... It is work!
It is possible to give to itself any installations... When it is weakened.... Here we will describe how it works
NLP, Hypnosis and Provocative Therapy on two people at once

I as earlier in myself have found out it and now have decided it to study.... Too tried earlier to close an eye and to present that I am in a pleasant place for me... Also I enter into the house... Also I change there all for that that is pleasant to me... It also is programming.... Before relaxing it is necessary to think of a problem which you want to solve and release it what it was solved while you travel in the world which imagine.... You relax... And mentally transform the house either any premise(room) or even a garden.. Which you imagine.. You change as it is pleasant to you... And gradually you come back in real... And work on a problem already goes you are not dependent on you it have changed... Has started change for the best....

You can erase anyone not good installation.. forced choice to you and to replace on good which it is really necessary for you, only it is necessary to begin with not the big problems. And gradually to move to large if it is necessary... completely it is possible to release(exempt) itself and to go that dear which itself you choose... all so is simple... We many times heard.. Think about good I can execute and etc... Ideas feasible... But it is necessary to do it in a relaxation.... Then it works.

It also is self-hypnosis. And hypnosis of others this skill of people to enter into this condition relaxation... And to give installation.... at us it sometimes turns out casually.... we as though go with the automatic device and thus are blind if not we are able to operate it... And frequently we do not think that we speak.... hypnosis it is possible to give people positive installations and even to treat... Only that that it is connected to health already top of pilotage.... That another in hypnosis to cure it would be necessary to train long... On small problems... The big problems can be solved parts... And to meditate visualize changing them to the best at demand processing needs for it... Step by step deciding this problem and then it will leave such mysticism

System of a Down-Hypnotize

free self Hypnosis techniques

Hypnosis - psychophysiologic a condition similar to dream or a light slumber, caused by suggestion (mainly verbal) and accompanying with submission of will sleeping to will lulling.
The person this word(in a word) - hypnosis is a lot of centuries in succession hears - and sees it there where it is not present, accumulating knowledge that is not hypnosis, and is only trance state a background of hypnosis... The Person did not collide(face) yet with hypnosis, therefore there is no work on hypnosis...

Hypnosis as such will start to be shown since 2800 and will leave on peak of the activity by 3000 year. When such dates on time are resulted, it is necessary to understand, that here there is an error in chronology, therefore it can be hardly earlier or hardly later... But constant there is that it will be as it is the Way of the Earth, the Way of the person on the Earth and the Life where in all there is a Perfection and that exceeds this concept, and that will stand and behind it and so on... There Is nothing secret... Is only unpreparedness "breath" to speak about it...

This blog about self hypnosis which helps us be better.